Solved: list all procedures

In the world of programming, specifically when handling databases, procedures play a crucial role. They provide numerous of advantages, like productivity increase, accessibility, ease of use and more. SQL, or Structured Query Language, stands as a powerful tool for manipulating and extracting data from a relational database.

Procedures, in a nutshell, are the routines that incorporate collections of SQL and programming commands to perform specific tasks. They’re stored in the database and can be invoked directly by the application. This not only increases productivity but also ensures data integrity.

Problem Statement

Suppose you want to retrieve data which contains information about the employees in a company. You need to perform various tasks – calculating average salary, finding employees who serve longest in the company, etc. Doing these tasks manually or writing long SQL queries every time can be tiring and complicated. The solution here lies in SQL procedures.

Creating a Procedure in SQL

To tackle the problem mentioned above, we need to create a procedure. The procedure will include necessary SQL code to perform required tasks. Here is a step-by-step explanation of how to create a SQL procedure:

  SQL Command

Let’s understand the code:

  • The CREATE PROCEDURE clause is a command used to create a procedure.
  • The ProcedureName is the name you want to assign to the procedure.
  • The BEGIN and END clauses encapsulate the SQL command you want to execute. It could be one or multiple commands.

For instance, if we want to calculate the average salary of employees, the procedure would look something like this:

CREATE PROCEDURE CalculateAverageSalary 
  SELECT AVG(salary) FROM Employees; 

Invoking a Procedure in SQL

Invoking a procedure in SQL is simple. All you need to do is use the EXECUTE keyword followed by the procedure name.

EXECUTE ProcedureName

If you want to execute the CalculateAverageSalary procedure, the code would be:

EXECUTE CalculateAverageSalary 

This will return the average salary of all employees stored in the database. That’s how SQL procedures help in making database management easier!


To reiterate, SQL procedures are an essential aspect of managing a relational database. They aggregate SQL commands to perform specific tasks and significantly contribute to increasing productivity, maintaining better control over the tasks, and enhancing data integrity in the database. One should, therefore, harness the power of procedures while dealing with SQL databases to make their tasks more manageable and less time-consuming.

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