Solved: show variables

It’s important to understand how to utilize the “SHOW VARIABLES” command in SQL as it can provide us a wealth of information about the configurations of our MySQL server. This versatile command offers a powerful way for us to verify and adjust variables that can affect the performance and function of our operations.

Managing variables effectively can greatly enhance the efficiency of our data handling and, ultimately, lead to better output and more robust control over our SQL server.

Using the SHOW VARIABLES Command in SQL

The SHOW VARIABLES command gives an extensive list of server system variables, which include everything from cache sizes to server versions. This can be useful when debugging, optimizing, or simply trying to understand certain behaviors.


After running this command, you’ll receive a list of the system variables. To find a specific variable, use the LIKE clause with the SHOW VARIABLES command. Here’s an example:


This command will return the current version of your MySQL server. This is just one example; you can retrieve the information of any other system variable the same way.

Understanding and Setting SQL Server Variables

Each variable within a MySQL Server holds specific data or information about the system. Handling them appropriately influences the server’s operation. Some server variables particularly impact significant things such as performance, security, and compatibility.

A system variable can be temporary (only affecting the current session), or global (affecting all sessions). Both of these can be viewed with the SHOW VARIABLES command, but how you set these variables differs:

SET GLOBAL variable_name = value;
SET SESSION variable_name = value;

Replace ‘variable_name’ with the name of the variable you are modifying, and ‘value’ with the new setting.

Related Functions and Libraries

Beyond the SHOW VARIABLES command, it’s also possible to get information about system variables through the usage of SQL’s other features.

The ‘mysql_info()’ function can provide you with the same essential information about the server that the SHOW VARIABLES command does. Besides, the ‘mysql_get_server_info()’ function gives quick access to version information, similar to the ‘version’ variable example shown earlier.

In terms of libraries, MySQL Connector/C++ provides a means to programmatically retrieve system variable information. It’s SQL interface class ‘sql::mysql::MySQL_Driver’ offers a method ‘getServerInfo()’, which can provide an object containing the information accessible through the SHOW VARIABLES command.

Server variables in SQL are powerful tools for optimizing and customizing a MySQL server, offering the user an accessible method to read and write essential information about the system. Understanding and using them effectively will lead to a more efficient and optimized server operation.

Remember, each variable holds specific data or information about the system. Effectively manipulating them can significantly influence the server’s operation, ultimately leading to improved performance, security, and compatibility.

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