Solved: javafx get screen size

get screen size In today’s technologically advanced world, there are countless devices with different screen sizes, resolutions, and aspect ratios. As a Java developer, you often need to design applications compatible with such a variety of screens. And that’s where understanding how to obtain screen size information becomes crucial. In this article, we’ll explore how to tackle this challenge and dive deeper into the Java libraries that make it possible.

Getting the screen size is an essential aspect of designing adaptive and visually appealing programs in Java. By determining the screen size, you can ensure that your application will fit and display correctly on a wide range of devices, be it mobile phones, tablets or desktop computers.

To determine the screen size in Java, we will use the java.awt package, which provides numerous classes for creating user interface components and handling events. More specifically, we’ll use the GraphicsEnvironment, GraphicsDevice, and DisplayMode classes to access and manipulate screen size information.

Here’s a step-by-step explanation of the Java code to obtain screen size:

import java.awt.*;

public class GetScreenSize {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        GraphicsEnvironment ge = GraphicsEnvironment.getLocalGraphicsEnvironment();
        GraphicsDevice[] gs = ge.getScreenDevices();

        for (GraphicsDevice device : gs) {
            DisplayMode dm = device.getDisplayMode();

            int screenWidth = dm.getWidth();
            int screenHeight = dm.getHeight();

            System.out.println("Screen width: " + screenWidth + " pixels");
            System.out.println("Screen height: " + screenHeight + " pixels");

GraphicsEnvironment class

The GraphicsEnvironment class is an essential part of the java.awt package. It provides significant functionality for obtaining information about the graphics environment, such as available fonts, and controlling how graphics are rendered on display devices.

In our code, we create a GraphicsEnvironment instance using the getLocalGraphicsEnvironment method. This method returns a reference to the local graphics environment, providing access to various graphics resources.

GraphicsDevice class

In the Java AWT package, the GraphicsDevice class represents a graphics device like a screen or a printer. It can be an essential tool for full-screen applications, obtaining available graphics configurations, and more. In our scenario, we use this class to get the required information about the screen on which we want to display our Java application.

We obtain an array of GraphicsDevice objects by calling the getScreenDevices method on our graphics environment instance. This array represents all screen devices available in the environment.

DisplayMode and screen size

Each GraphicsDevice object represents a screen device, and we can retrieve its DisplayMode by calling the getDisplayMode method. The DisplayMode class encapsulates the essential attributes required for rendering graphics, such as screen width, screen height, refresh rate, and bit depth.

After we have obtained the DisplayMode object for each graphics device, we can extract the screen size by calling the getWidth() and getHeight() methods. These methods return the dimensions of the screen, which can be used to create appropriately sized UI components.

In conclusion, obtaining screen size is a critical yet simple aspect of Java application development that ensures compatibility with various devices and screen resolutions. By leveraging the powerful AWT package and its GraphicsEnvironment, GraphicsDevice, and DisplayMode classes, you can build applications that intelligently adapt to the user’s screen size and create a seamless user experience across devices.

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