Solved: java read file to string

read file to string In recent times, handling files has become a critical aspect in solving numerous programming tasks. One such common task is reading a file’s content into a string in Java. This article aims to provide a comprehensive solution to this problem while focusing on robustness, ease of understanding, and efficiency.

Java offers several ways to read a file into a string, from using the basic FileReader to more advanced libraries like Apache Commons IO. In this article, we will explore one such method using the Files class in Java NIO (New Input/Output).

Java NIO Files

Java NIO, introduced in Java 1.4, is a set of libraries aimed at making non-blocking I/O operations more efficient and easier to work with. The Files class, part of the java.nio.file package, provides many utility methods for performing various file operations, including reading a file into a string.

Now, let’s get into the step-by-step explanation of the code.

Step 1: First, we will need to import the necessary packages:

import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;

Step 2: Next, we will create a method that takes a file path as input and returns the file content as a string:

public static String readFileToString(String filePath) {
String fileContent = “”;
try {
fileContent = new String(Files.readAllBytes(Paths.get(filePath)));
} catch (IOException e) {
return fileContent;

Step 3: Finally, we can utilize our method in the main():

public static void main(String[] args) {
String filePath = “path/to/your/file.txt”;
String fileContent = readFileToString(filePath);

Now, let’s dive deeper into the methods and classes used in the solution.


The java.nio.file.Paths class offers static methods for constructing Path objects. One of these methods is get(). The Paths.get() method takes a string representing the file path and converts it into a Path object. This object is later used as an argument to the Files.readAllBytes() method.

  • String filePath: The file path provided as an argument.
  • Path object: The returned Path object represents the file at the specified path.


The Files.readAllBytes() method is a part of the java.nio.file.Files class. It reads all bytes from a file and returns a byte array. This byte array is then used to construct the string, providing a simple and effective means of reading the content of a file.

  • Path object: The Path object representing the file.
  • byte[]: The byte array containing the file’s content.

In summary, by using the Java NIO Files class and its utility methods, we can efficiently read a file’s content into a string. The combination of the Paths.get() and Files.readAllBytes() methods provides a robust, easy-to-understand, and efficient solution to this common task. By understanding the inner workings of this powerful library, you can harness its full potential for your Java file handling needs.

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