Solved: how to close a jframe in java with an if statement

how to close a jframe in with an if statementIn the world of Java programming, JFrame is a popular and widely-used element of the Swing library that allows developers to create user interfaces. One common problem that developers face is closing a JFrame window conditionally using an if statement. This article will provide a solution to this problem, explain the code step by step, discuss related libraries and functions involved, and delve into the use of the Swing library for creating user interfaces in Java.

The Solution to Closing a JFrame with an If Statement

To close a JFrame using an if statement, you first need to attach a WindowListener to the JFrame element, and then override the windowClosing method to include the if statement that contains the desired condition for closing the frame. The following code snippet demonstrates this approach:

import javax.swing.JFrame;
import java.awt.event.WindowAdapter;
import java.awt.event.WindowEvent;

public class ConditionalCloseJFrame {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        JFrame frame = new JFrame("Conditional Close JFrame Demo");
        frame.setSize(300, 200);

        frame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
            public void windowClosing(WindowEvent evt) {
                if (someCondition()) {


    private static boolean someCondition() {
        // Your condition logic goes here
        return true;

In this example, you first import the necessary Swing and AWT libraries, and then create a new JFrame instance. Moving on, you create a WindowAdapter and override its windowClosing method, which is executed when you attempt to close the window. Inside this method, you implement the desired condition in the someCondition() method, which is wrapped in an if statement. If the condition returns true, the JFrame will be closed with the frame.dispose() method.

Step-by-Step Explanation of the Code

Now, let’s break down the code step by step and understand how it works:

1. Import the necessary libraries: First, you need to import the JFrame class from the javax.swing package, and the WindowAdapter and WindowEvent classes from the java.awt.event package.

2. Create the JFrame: Next, instantiate a new JFrame object, set its title, size, and default close operation to DO_NOTHING_ON_CLOSE. This allows you to control the closing behavior of the JFrame through the if statement.

3. Attach the WindowListener: In this step, you add a custom WindowAdapter to the JFrame by calling the addWindowListener method. By doing so, you can override the windowClosing method to implement your own behavior when the window is about to close.

4. Override the windowClosing method: Inside the windowClosing method, you include your custom logic wrapped in an if statement, which checks whether the condition specified in the someCondition method is met. If the condition returns true, the frame.dispose() method is called to close the JFrame window.

5. Display the JFrame: Finally, you call the frame.setVisible(true) method to display the JFrame on the screen.

Swing Library for User Interfaces in Java

Java Swing is a powerful library for creating graphical user interfaces (GUIs) for Java applications. It offers a number of lightweight components that can be easily built and customized for user-facing applications. Some of the key components of the Swing library include JFrame, JPanel, JButton, and JLabel.

JFrame, as demonstrated in this article, is the top-level container for Java GUI applications and provides basic support for window management, including minimizing, maximizing, and closing windows. By customizing and extending JFrame properties and behavior, developers can efficiently create interactive and user-friendly interfaces in their Java applications.

Related posts:

Leave a Comment