Solved: how java programm actually run

how programm actually runIn today’s world, understanding the inner workings of how programs run is a critical skill for software developers. In this post, we will explore the journey a program makes, from being just simple lines of code to ultimately executing and producing the desired results. We will also discuss the useful libraries and functions related to the problem.

A program begins its life as source code, which is written in a programming language such as Java. This code is a set of instructions for the computer to follow, and it’s up to the programmer to construct the code in such a way as to achieve the intended goal. To illustrate this process, let’s consider an example problem: finding the sum of two numbers.

Problem Solution

To solve this problem, we will write a simple Java program that accepts two integers as input and returns their sum. The code looks like this:

public class SumCalculator {
    public static int addNumbers(int a, int b) {
        return a + b;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int number1 = 5;
        int number2 = 7;

        int sum = addNumbers(number1, number2);
        System.out.println("The sum of " + number1 + " and " + number2 + " is " + sum + ".");

Step-by-Step Explanation

1. We first define a public class SumCalculator. This serves as the blueprint for our program and allows us to define the necessary methods and variables.

2. Inside the class, we define a public static method addNumbers. This method takes two integers as arguments and returns their sum. The method accepts two input parameters, ‘a’ and ‘b’, and calculates the sum using the expression ‘a + b’. It then returns the result.

3. We then define the main method, which serves as the entry point for our program. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) looks for the main method to start executing the code.

4. Inside the main method, we define two integer variables `number1` and `number2`, and assign them values 5 and 7, respectively.

5. Next, we call the previously defined `addNumbers()` method, passing `number1` and `number2` as arguments. The method returns the sum, which we store in the variable `sum`.

6. Finally, we use the System.out.println() method to print the result to the console.

Java Libraries and Functions

In order to solve complex problems, it is often helpful to leverage existing libraries and functions. In Java, there are several in-built libraries and classes that can be used to perform various tasks effectively and efficiently. Some useful libraries are:

  • java.util – This is a library that contains various utility classes and interfaces, such as collections, dates and time, and random number generation.
  • – This library enables users to carry out input-output operations, such as reading and writing files.
  • java.math – This library provides advanced mathematical operations, including BigInteger and BigDecimal for arbitrary precision arithmetic.

In the given example, the System.out.println() function is part of the package, which comes under the standard Java Class Library. It helps in performing console-based input-output operations.

We hope that this article has provided you with a better understanding of the journey a program takes, from starting as source code to reaching its final execution stage. The different components of the code, such as libraries and functions, play an essential role in creating a coherent and efficient program. By understanding these mechanisms, developers can better hone their programming skills and produce software that meets desired goals and expectations.

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